Similar trends exist when looking at the percentage of women earning doctoral degrees in science and engineering and when examining the labor market: women make up 47% of the U.S. workforce they are underrepresented in many STEM occupations (e.g. women represent only 12% of civil engineers and 28% of environmental scientists). This lack of diversity has implications for innovation, limiting the human potential applied toward science and sustainability. Given that many of the most urgent and important challenges facing society are scientific (e.g. energy, climate change, water availability, disease, and natural resource forecasting), this lack of diversity must be addressed.
Source: Department of Labor, Bureau of Statistics, 2014 Women in the Labor Force