Author: ilana

CO/WY Front Range PROGRESS project coordinator

How do we close the wage gap in the U.S.?

The gender pay gap is now the narrowest it’s ever been, and yet it’s still 2.5 times the size of those of other industrialized countries. So what’s to be done?

By all accounts and figures, women in the work force have made enormous economic progress in the last 50 years. In the 1980s, women only made 60 cents to every dollar of male earnings. The latest figures show that gender wage gap narrowed substantially, with women making nearly 80 cents to the dollar in 2015.

The last three decades have seen American women move up in both educational attainment and into higher paying jobs. The gap is now the narrowest it’s ever been, and yet it’s still 2.5 times the size of those of other industrialized countries. So what’s to be done? How can America get its men and women paid equally?

One suggestion is that “we should encourage women to take jobs that pay more, and in fields that pay more…perhaps by encouraging them to study STEM or other profitable majors.”

Read the full story in The Atlantic.

7 misused science words

“Just a Theory”: 7 Misused Science Words

By Tia Ghose, LiveScience on April 2, 2013

From “significant” to “natural,” here are seven scientific terms that can prove troublesome for the public and across research disciplines

Hypothesis. Theory. Law. These scientific words get bandied about regularly, yet the general public usually gets their meaning wrong.

Now, one scientist is arguing that people should do away with these misunderstood words altogether and replace them with the word “model.” But those aren’t the only science words that cause trouble, and simply replacing the words with others will just lead to new, widely misunderstood terms, several other scientists said.

“A word like ‘theory’ is a technical scientific term,” said Michael Fayer, a chemist at Stanford University. “The fact that many people understand its scientific meaning incorrectly does not mean we should stop using it. It means we need better scientific education.”

From “theory” to “significant,” here are seven scientific words that are often misused.

1. Hypothesis

2. Just a theory

3. Model

4. Skeptic

5. Nature vs. Nurture

6. Significant

7. Natural

Read the full story here.

Communicating the science of climate change

Feature Article: Communicating the science of climate change
by Richard C. J. Somerville and Susan Joy Hassol
It is urgent that climate scientists improve the ways they convey their findings to a poorly informed
and often indifferent public.
As scientists we must consider the power of language in our communication as common terms for scientists are often misunderstood by the public.
terms_different_meanings_for scientists_vs_public
Read the full article here.

NPR story: Why Math Rocks

Why Math Rocks

Article by Marcelo Gleiser — a theoretical physicist and cosmologist and professor of natural philosophy, physics and astronomy at Dartmouth College. He is the co-founder of 13.7, a prolific author of papers and essays, and active promoter of science to the general public.

The number pi shows up everywhere, from statistics to wave motion to the equations of general relativity describing the expanding universe and black holes. Human brains are exceptionally attuned to identifying such patterns.

Everyone who has kids, or who remembers his/her childhood, will also remember the struggle to understand why math matters.

“Who cares about multiplication tables and fractions, triangles and algebra? Why do I need to know these things?”

The challenge with math is that if you don’t look with the right eyes, you don’t see how pervasive and all-encompassing it really is. We somehow detune ourselves from the myriad patterns that surround us, both outside and in. We don’t count heartbeats (that would drive most people mad, as you can check in this amazing Radiolab program The Heartbeat. And we don’t associate evergreens with cones or tend to analyze the symmetry in people’s faces — at least consciously. Yet, all of our gadgets and machines depend on our understanding and ability to apply math to different materials.

Read the full article on the NPR Section 13.7 website.